One of the Central Bank of Iceland’s main tasks is to promote a safe, stable, and effective financial system. Financial stability means that the financial system is equipped to withstand shocks to the economy and financial markets, ensure the availability of capital, mediate credit and payments, and redistribute risks appropriately. A healthy financial system is essential to stability, growth, and effective monetary policy. Twice a year the department conducts an in-depth appraisal of the macroeconomic environment, financial markets, and financial institutions and publishes its findings in the Bank’s Financial Stability report.
Foreign exchange transactions have been subject to restrictions ever since the banking system collapsed in the autumn of 2008.With Rules which took effect on 14 March 2017 most restrictions on foreign exchange transactions and cross-border movement of domestic and foreign currency were lifted.More